MapaKalamidad.ph, a free and open source platform for emergency response and disaster management in the Philippines, was officially launched on September 10th, 2020 during a virtual webinar titled “Digital Bayanihan! Social Media for Humanitarian Response”. The platform uses both, crowd-sourced reporting and government agency validations, to map flood events in real-time.
During the opening remarks, Joseph Curry from the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, said, “While we depend on the government to be the authoritative source on damages and needs, we also recognize that those affected have the most up to date information and have an essential role to play. MapaKalamidad.ph adds a new dimension to data and information collection by empowering citizens to directly report hazards, critical lifelines and damages in their neighbourhoods via social media apps and mobile apps. In the true spirit of bayanihan, MapaKlamidad.ph gives us a tool that everyone can use together in disaster response, potentially connecting every barangay right to the top.”
Developed by Yayasan Peta Bencana (Disaster Map Foundation), a South-east Asian based non-profit organization, the platform draws on the award-winning crowd-sourced disaster mapping platform, PetaBencana.id in Indonesia. Powered by CogniCity Open Source Software (OSS), the PetaBencana.id platform has been used by millions of resident users since 2013, to make time-critical decisions about safety and navigation during emergency flood events in Indonesia. It has also been adopted by the National Emergency Management Agency (BNPB) to monitor disaster events, improve response times, and share time-critical emergency information with residents. Having proven beyond any doubt that community-led data collection, sharing, and visualization reduces disaster risk and assists in relief efforts, CogniCity OSS has now been developed to support real-time disaster mapping for the Philippines.
Featuring talks from Gil Francis Arevalo from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Bryan Damasco from the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team Philippines, and Michael Vincent Mercardo from the Center of Disaster Preparedness, the webinar focused on the indispensable role of community-led response in mitigation and adaptation efforts.
In response to the launch of MapaKalamidad.ph, Asec Casiano C. Monilla from the Office of Civil Defense, said, “The contribution of social media and expansion of democratic space and public participation in govt activities and issues cannot be understated. It has been proven, time and again, that the successful disaster risk reduction and management endeavors depend on public support; co-owernship of the concepts of safety, preparedness and resilience. [MapaKalamidad.ph], which draws verified and reliable information through crowd sourcing on social media, is a very welcome development. Open mapping and information sharing through crowd sourcing enables people to not simply be audiences and recipients of systems and products, but also participants in the process of assisting communities and the government in reporting and responding to emergencies. This will translate to more lives safeguarded, properties and livelihoods protected, and development sustained.”
Now, any resident in Pampanga and Quezon City can submit a flood report anonymously by tweeting #flood or #baha @mapakalamidad, sending a Facebook message to @mapakalamidad, or sending a telegram message to @kalamidadbot. Government emergency management agencies also monitor the map to assess the disaster situation and respond to resident needs.
With current ENSO models indicating a trend towards La Nina conditions, above-normal rainfall is expected in the coming months. We remind everyone to check https://mapakalamidad.ph for up-to-date information and to stay safe!
MapaKalamidad.ph is a part of the USAID Program for ASEAN Regional and National Capacity Development for Hazard Monitoring, Early Warning, and Disaster Management Decision Support. As part of the Pacific Disaster Center’s PhilAWARE project, the project represents a multi-partner collaboration between the Philippines Office of Civil Defense (OCD), the Philippines National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), Pacific Disaster Center (PDC), Yayasan Peta Bencana, and Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT). The project is made possible through collaboration with implementing partners Quezon City Disaster Risk Reduction Mangagement Office (QCDRRMO) and Pampanga Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office (PDRRMO), and data partners Twitter and Mapbox.
Two tropical cyclones triggered torrential rainfall across Java, inundating the capital city of Jakarta and its surrounding areas for the fourth major time this year.
According to the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG), the series of floods that have inundated the capital region over the past two months are a result of climate change-driven global warming. Average temperatures in Indonesia peaked in 2019, with Jakarta experiencing an annual temperature rise 1.4 times higher than global trends. The agency recorded 278 millimeters of rainfall in 24 hours, categorizing the weather as ‘extreme rain’ with the city receiving one month’s worth of rain in a single day.
As flooding paralyzed traffic on major thoroughfares, disrupted commuter lines for over two consecutive days, inundated the state national hospital, and cut off electricity to over 1,600 substations, residents continued to search for verified information about the flood situation in order to make timely decisions about safety and response. Amidst a spread of misinformation, the National Emergency Management Agency (BNPB) endorsed PetaBencana.id as the official information sharing platform to collectively mitigate risk.
Thousands of residents contributed to crowd-sourced flood mapping by submitting flood reports to PetaBencana.id; informing each other about the severity of the flood, infrastructure failures, and response efforts. PetaBencana.id experienced a 26,000% increase in activity as residents actively checked the web-based map to understand the flooding situation, avoid flooded areas, and make decisions about safety and response. The Jakarta Emergency Management Agency (BPBD DKI Jakarta) monitored the map to respond to resident needs, coordinate response, and also updated the real-time map with information about flood affected neighborhoods.
On February 25th, MetroTV featured PetaBencana.id thrice on its breaking news segment, advising residents to check the open-source platform in order to stay up-to-date on the flooding situation and mitigate risk. Google Maps also sourced and linked to PetaBencana.id for verified flood information. As various news agencies shared the platform as a primary information source, thousands of residents used social media channels to share the real-time flood map, commenting on its ease of use, and commending its usefulness in navigating unanticipated disaster events.
As floodwaters disrupted the city, community-led information sharing continues to support response and planning efforts at multiple scales. Agus Wibowo, Head of the Center for Data, Information and Public Relations at the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), urged residents to share flood reports through PetaBencana.id, highlighting the significance of community led data collection, sharing, and visualization in reducing disaster risk and assisting field response.
Yayasan Peta Bencana thanks all residents of Indonesia for continuing to share critical information, and applauds the indispensable role of all residents in helping neighbors, government agencies, responders, and researchers develop strategies for climate adaptation.
As BMKG predicts extreme rainfall to continue until March, Dwikorita Karnawati, Head of BMKG, emphasizes the need for improved coordination and synergy between multiple stakeholders for climate adaptation efforts.
Residents of Indonesia can submit real-time flood reports by tweeting #banjir @petabencana, sending a Facebook message to @petabencana.id, or sending a Telegram message to @bencanabot. We remind everyone to check https://petabencana.id for up-to-date information and to stay safe!
PetaBencana.id is a part of the USAID BNPB InAWARE: Disaster Management Early Warning and Decision Support Capacity Enhancement Project in Indonesia. PetaBencana.id is supported by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The project is made possible through collaboration with project partners including the Pacific Disaster Center at the University of Hawaii and the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team; our implementing partners at the National Emergency Management Agency (BNPB) and Jakarta Emergency Management Agency (BPBD DKI Jakarta); and, our data partners including Mapbox, Twitter, Qlue, and PasangMata.
To inaugurate the national launch of the PetaBencana.id disaster management platform, Yayasan Peta Bencana and BNPB, supported by PLN and Bank BRI, hosted the first country-wide disaster preparedness event of its kind—the #112Challenge. Over 125 organizations and 3,376 residents across 17 provinces in Indonesia participated in the nation-wide competition, where residents simulated real-time flood reporting and information sharing through PetaBencana.id.
PetaBencana.id is a free and open source platform that provides real-time disaster information and transparent communication between residents and government agencies, in order to reduce risk and increase emergency response times. The online platform harnesses the use of social media to crowdsource disaster information from residents on-the-ground, who often have the most up-to-date information, and displays this information on a live web-based map.
During the opening remarks of the official launch, Doni Monardo, Head of BNPB, said: “PetaBencana.id will become a primary channel of interactive crisis communication between the government and residents. By enabling all residents across Indonesia to submit real-time disaster reports through social media, the platform will support faster response and reduce disaster risk.”
In this unprecedented community-led disaster preparedness event, over 125 schools, BPBDs, NGOs, and businesses across Indonesia simultaneously set up disaster-themed murals in their neighborhoods as part of the #112Challenge. They invited their friends, neighbors, and nearby communities to take photos with the mural, post #banjir on social media, and submit test reports to PetaBencana.id. Throughout the course of the day, the platform received more than 3,376 reports as organizations competed to train millions of community members about real-time disaster information sharing.
Now, any resident in Indonesia can submit a disaster report anonymously by tweeting @petabencana, sending a Facebook message to @petabencana, or sending a telegram message to @bencanabot. Government emergency management agencies also monitor the map to assess the disaster situation and respond to resident needs as part of a two-way communication system; they can also update the map to alert residents about the severity of a disaster.
In response to the platform’s national launch, Agus Wibowo, Head of the Center for Data, Information, and Public Relations at the National Disaster Management Agency, said, “The transparency of the platform provides all residents, community organizations, humanitarian agencies, and government agencies, free access to time-critical information needed to make informed decisions, thereby fostering collaborative resilience and coordinated response to disaster events across the country.”
Since its debut in 2013 (as PetaJakarta.org), the PetaBencana.id platform has been used by millions of resident users to make time-critical decisions about safety and navigation during emergency flood events in Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang and Surabaya. The platform has been the recipient of numerous grants and awards, including the prestigious 2019 United Nations Public Service Award. In the 2015 World Disaster Report of the International Federation of the Red Cross, the project was recommended as a model for community engagement in relation to disaster response.
Having proven beyond any doubt that community-led data collection, sharing, and visualization reduces disaster risk and assists in relief efforts, in 2020 the platform expanded to support all of Indonesia. Later in the year, PetaBencana.id will also expand its reporting mechanism to include reports for all other hazards, including volcanoes, earthquakes, extreme wind, and forest fires and haze.
PetaBencana.id is a part of the USAID BNPB InAWARE: Disaster Management Early Warning and Decision Support Capacity Enhancement Project in Indonesia. PetaBencana.id is supported by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The project is made possible through collaboration with project partners including the Pacific Disaster Center at the University of Hawaii and the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team; our implementing partners at the National Emergency Management Agency; our data partners including Mapbox, Twitter, Qlue, and PasangMata; and, financial sponsors for the #112Challenge, PT. PLN and Bank Rakyat Indonesia .
Powered by CogniCity Open Source Software, PetaBencana.id is a free web-based platform that produces megacity-scale visualizations of disasters using both crowd-sourced reporting and government agency validations in real time. The platform harnesses the heightened use of social media and instant messaging during emergency events to gather confirmed situational updates from street level, in a manner that removes the need for expensive and time consuming data processing. These verified user reports are displayed alongside relevant emergency data collected by local and government agencies. By integrating localized knowledge from a variety of sources into a single, robust platform, PetaBencana.id is able to provide a comprehensive overview of disaster events, enabling residents, humanitarian agencies, and government agencies to make more informed decisions during emergencies.
Since its debut in 2013 (as PetaJakarta.org), the PetaBencana.id platform has been used by millions of resident users to make time-critical decisions about safety and navigation during emergency flood events; it has also been adopted by the National Emergency Management Agency (BNPB) to monitor flood events, improve response times, and share time-critical emergency information with residents. The platform has enabled greater information sharing and data coordination among residents and government agencies, fostering equitable and collaborative resilience to climate change.
PetaBencana.id has proven that community-led data collection, sharing, and visualization reduces flood risk and assists in relief efforts. In the 2015 World Disaster Report of the International Federation of the Red Cross, the project was recommended as a model for community engagement in relation to disaster response. In 2016, the Federal Communication Commission of the United States also recommended the project as a best practice regarding disaster information crowdsourcing. PetaBencana.id is now available for all residents in Indonesia!
Mahtani N. and E. Turpin. “Neuroecologies of Attention & Intelligence in the Megacity: Learning with PetaBencana.id,” in Perspecta 51: Becoming Media The Yale Architectural Journal, November 2018.
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in Post-Internet Indonesia,” in e-flux Architecture, August, 2017.
Turpin, E., and T. Holderness. “From Social Media to GeoSocial Intelligence: Experiments with Crowdsourcing Civic Co-Management for Flood Response in Jakarta, Indonesia,” in Social Media for Government Services, eds. Surya Nepal, Cécile Paris, Dimitrios Georgakopoulos (Springer, 2016).
Holderness, T., and E. Turpin, “How tweeting about floods became a civic duty in Jakarta,” in The Guardian, Public Leaders Network, 25 January 2016.
Holderness T. and E. Turpin. “Floods in Jakarta? Tweeting Now,” in Strategic Review 5.1(October-December 2015): 26-35.
Holderness T., and E. Turpin. PetaJakarta.org: Assessing the Role of Social Media for Civic
Co-Management During Monsoon Flooding in Jakarta, Indonesia, SMART Infrastructure Facility, University of Wollongong, GeoSocial Intelligence Working Group White Paper 01 (June 2015).
Turpin, E., T. Holderness, and G. Quaggiotto. “Combining ‘Big’ and ‘Small’ Data to Build Urban Resilience in Jakarta,” United Nations Global Pulse Blog, April 2014.
Turpin, E., A. Bobbette, and M. Miller, eds. Jakarta: Architecture + Adaptation (Depok: Universitas Indonesia Press, 2013).
The PetaBencana.id community is made up of a diverse group of volunteers, local community leaders, and professionals dedicated to building capacities for community-based disaster co-management. There are a number of ways to get involved!
Support open data & open software for climate adaptation:
Help us keep the map running as a free platform, so that everyone in Indonesia can have access to time critical information!
To donate via wire transfer, please email email@example.com.
Become a Sustaining Partner:
Partner with Yayasan Peta Bencana to increase employee engagement and Corporate Social Responsibility Programs! We also work with organisations to provide customized alerts to ensure the safety of your belongings and staff.
Become a Risk Ambassador:
Are you passionate about spreading disaster awareness and increasing preparedness in your communities? Sign up to become a risk ambassador – no experience needed, we will provide you the support you need!
Technology and Training:
Yayasan Peta Bencana provides training to organizations, embassies, schools, and volunteer communities. Through digital literacy workshops we provide the necessary skills to safely and easily access and share time-critical information – leveraging capacities for everyone to participate in critical decision-making and boost community resilience. We can customize training to meet the needs of your organization.
Sign up for a training by sending us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org!
Bring the crowd-sourced disaster mapping platform to your location:
The platform is now being further developed to address additional hazards and other geographies in South East Asia. If you would like to see a crowd-sourced disaster mapping platform implemented in your area, please contact us at email@example.com.
Contact us for current volunteer activities, or if you would like to get involved in other ways! We would love to hear from you!